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Comment by stephen3 on The Weighted Majority Algorithm · 2008-11-13T05:47:18.000Z · score: 4 (4 votes) · LW · GW

The question whether randomized algorithms can have an advantage over deterministic algorithms is called the P vs BPP problem. As far as I know, most people believe that P=BPP, that is, randomization doesn't actually add power. However, nobody knows how to prove this. Furthermore, there exists an oracle relative to which P is not equal to BPP. Therefore any proof that P=BPP has to be nonrelativizing. This rules out a lot of the more obvious methods of proof.

see: complexity zoo