Comment by Vej_Kse on How do you learn foreign language vocabulary, beyond Anki? · 2019-09-16T10:47:02.689Z · LW · GW

If all you want is be able to read, I don’t think translation flash cards are the way to go (these are useful if you want to to be able to quickly find a corresponding word in your native language). When learning to read in foreign languages, I create flash cards where the “question” is a sentence in the target language (German in your case) with one unfamiliar word, which I put in bold. I succeed if I correctly understand the word in the context of this sentence. In the answer, I put the definition in the target language (German here) for the appropriate sense.

Usually, this is enough for me to understand the word when I meet it in new sentences, assuming it’s used in the same sense. In cases where I failed to learn it, I just add a second flashcard with a new sentence containing that word.

For “encyclopaedic” words like species of animals or plants, kinds of food, towns, etc. it’s in fact more useful to put a translation in your language rather than a definition in the target language, assuming it is a familiar concept in your own language. (And not try to learn several similar animals, plants, … at once, otherwise I mix them up.)

I usually take the sentence from a dictionary targeted at learners (sometimes I use the sentence where I found the word, if it’s the only unfamiliar word in it). For English, I use The Cambridge Learner’s Dictionary. For German, Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache might be a good one (what’s important is that there are example sentences).

Comment by Vej_Kse on 17 Rules to Make a Definition that Avoids the 37 Ways of Words Being Wrong · 2014-02-24T14:23:35.433Z · LW · GW

Not necessarily: see mathnerd314's comment below (or above). In fact, in “there is no other”, there is a double negation (the second being in “other”, which hides “not equal to”), which can be eliminated.

Comment by Vej_Kse on Walkthrough of the Tiling Agents for Self-Modifying AI paper · 2013-12-15T13:57:01.664Z · LW · GW

Coincidentally, a paper based on Yudkowsky and Herreshoff's paper has appeared a few days ago on the arXiv. It's Paradoxes of rational agency and formal systems that verify their own soundness by Nik Weaver. Here's the abstract:

We consider extensions of Peano arithmetic which include an assertibility predicate. Any such system which is arithmetically sound effectively verifies its own soundness. This leads to the resolution of a range of paradoxes involving rational agents who are licensed to act under precisely defined conditions.

Comment by Vej_Kse on Academic Cliques · 2013-11-09T15:23:45.217Z · LW · GW

It seems that simply bombarding the brain isn't sufficient, even for language, and that social interaction is required (see this study), so that playing math games with the child would be a better idea.