The BODY alignment game. Take a break, have a quick play. 2020-02-05T04:02:49.886Z · score: 3 (6 votes)
Chakras & Qi - Old Stories for the Base-Line Experience? 2019-12-08T04:22:11.111Z · score: 3 (5 votes)
The 5 Main Muscles Made Easy. 2019-12-07T09:17:50.359Z · score: 4 (4 votes)
Posture - Muscles, Assessment & The Body's Base-Line for Alignment. 2019-11-15T09:19:11.580Z · score: 6 (4 votes)
Myalgia of Imbalance. Physical Restrictions, Pain, Tension & Weird Sensations. 2019-10-29T14:58:17.652Z · score: 2 (4 votes)
Does the body have an almost infinite number of potential positions? 2019-10-19T05:39:26.883Z · score: 2 (1 votes)
Conscious Proprioception -Awareness of the Body's Position, Motion, Alignment & Balance. 2019-10-04T04:33:14.317Z · score: 19 (6 votes)
The Five Main Muscles: A Full Range of Natural Movement, Dynamic Alignment & Balance. 2019-09-01T03:22:38.247Z · score: 18 (13 votes)
Body Alignment & Balance. Midline Anatomy & the Median Plane. 2019-08-22T10:24:59.156Z · score: 12 (17 votes)


Comment by leggi on Operationalizing Newcomb's Problem · 2020-02-25T05:08:35.535Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

Thank you for the reply - I appreciate the time taken.

I'll have more of a think ....

Comment by leggi on Making Sense of Coronavirus Stats · 2020-02-21T05:06:42.573Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

Now that you have a definition for mortality rate - time for an update in your post?

I presume more people will be reading so clarification would be valuable.

Comment by leggi on If giving unsolicited feedback was a social norm, what feedback would you often give? · 2020-02-21T05:01:27.310Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

:) liquid/paste/pulp ... mechanically processing your food with your teeth to increase its surface area is a good thing. Chewing increases the production of saliva so more enzymes available and more time for them to mix with the food. Although I dislike the expression, it's a "no-brainer" to me hence the confidence.

I was expecting more of a push-back on food that's grown not manufactured. A visceral belief but I'd struggle to form a rational argument - there's a lack of scientific proof for something so hard to test. Nature's hard to beat.

Comment by leggi on Making Sense of Coronavirus Stats · 2020-02-20T15:38:49.514Z · score: 5 (3 votes) · LW · GW

from the CDC. (the definition of "mortality rate")

A mortality rate is a measure of the frequency of occurrence of death in a defined population during a specified interval.

i.e not based on number of cases v. death, it's population v. death.

Comment by leggi on If giving unsolicited feedback was a social norm, what feedback would you often give? · 2020-02-20T12:32:44.254Z · score: -1 (3 votes) · LW · GW
you say "better digestion = better", but why? and why do you believe it?

We are one unit of many parts - complex and  interconnected.

Simply put, improvements in digestion  = better absorption of nutrients =  benefit of the whole.

I believe it because of:

  • observation that I feel better after eating when I've fully chewed my foods.
  • my knowledge of basic human physiology.  

I don't know what your knowledge base is but if you don't believe that the thorough chewing of food is a good idea, it'll be more productive for you to do a search for "benefits of chewing" and work from there rather than me trying to explain the digestive (and related) processes from mouth to rectum.

I'm with you on the satiety thing. 

Why?  What is this belief based on?  

If you are happy with the concept of stopping eating when the body says "full"  then more chewing = longer time with each mouthful of food = increased chance of sufficient time for satiety messages to be sent  = less food consumed which, for many people, would be a good thing.

The chewing bit is the one I'm skeptical of.   I don't currently chew this way.

While scepticism is a trait I encourage the fact you don't chew this way is irrelevant to whether chewing food to a liquid before swallowing  is beneficial or not. 

If I did, what life outcomes would be better for me? 

You could try it and see.  Do rationalists like to find things out for themselves? 

I don't know what effect on your life outcome chewing your food will have. It should improve your digestion and that seems a positive.

It is harder to do than it sounds. It takes attention to change eating habits.  Remembering to fully chew every mouthful.    The basis of "mindful eating" sort of stuff.

Comment by leggi on Exercises in Comprehensive Information Gathering · 2020-02-20T12:21:19.942Z · score: 4 (3 votes) · LW · GW

Something that might interest you is embryology. Following the division and migration of cells to start forming a body is a fascinatingly complex insight into life although it's a long time since I studied embryology (a nightmare subject to learn [and then mostly forget] in 2-D) so I don't know what resources are out there these days.

If anyone was up for the exercise of creating a globe-base graphic showing the when and where of human history I would love to see it. From the known locations of predecessors to modern humans, the rise and fall of societies, civilisations, conflicts, border changes etc etc. A world-wide view of our collective history - quite a big project for comprehensive information gathering!

Comment by leggi on If giving unsolicited feedback was a social norm, what feedback would you often give? · 2020-02-20T05:22:33.117Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

Chewing is the first step in the digestive process, prepping food before it enters the stomach but it is a step that is easily skipped.

Thorough chewing means your food is physically broken down - decreasing size of bits and increasing surface area so maximising exposure to its contents/nutrients.

Chewing also means the food is mixed with a lot of saliva which contains digestive enzymes to start the processing of food pre-stomach.

Catch yourself when you go to swallow a mouthful of food - how liquefied is it?

Better chewing = better digestion = better.

Satiety ~ the stomach telling the brain it's full - 20 min is the touted time for that process. Chewing properly slows eating speed so satiety is reached with less food consumed. Stopping eating when your body signals 'that's enough' will prevent excess consumption.

Comment by leggi on Jimrandomh's Shortform · 2020-02-20T04:42:12.592Z · score: 3 (2 votes) · LW · GW

Some comments:

we've wiped out or drastically reduced most of the diseases that cause severe, attributable death and disability

we've wiped out or drastically reduced some diseases in some parts of the world.   There's a lot of infectious diseases still out there: HIV, influenza, malaria, tuberculosis, cholera, ebola,  infectious forms of pneumonia, diarrhoea, hepatitis .... 

we've connected the world with high-speed transport links, so that the subtle, minor diseases can spread further.

Disease has always spread - wherever people go, far and wide.  It just took longer over land and sea  (rather than the nodes appearing on global maps that we can see these days). 

... very likely for autoimmune conditions ... have risen greatly over time

"autoimmune conditions" covers a long list of conditions lumped together because they involve the immune system 'going wrong'. (and the immune system is, at least to me, a mind-bogglingly complex system)

Given the wide range of conditions that could be "auto-immune" saying they've risen greatly over time is vague. Data for more specific conditions?

Increased rates of automimmune conditions could just be due to the increase in the recognition, diagnosis and recording of cases (I don't think so but it should be considered).

What things other than high speed travel have also changed in that time-frame that could affect our immune systems?   The quality of air we breathe, the food we eat, the water we drink, our environment, levels of exposure to fauna and flora, exposure to chemicals, pollutants ...? Air travel is just one factor.

I think this is somewhat likely for chronic fatigue and depression, including subclinical varieties that are extremely widespread.

Fatigue and depression are clinical symptoms - they are either present or not (to what degree - mild/severe is another matter) so sub-clinical is poor terminology here.   Sub-clinical disease has no recognisable clinical findings - undiagnosed/unrecognised would be closer. But I agree there is widespread issues with health and well-being these days.

Or, put another way: the "hygiene hypothesis" is the opposite of true.

Opposite of true?  Are you saying you believe the "hygiene hypothesis" is false?

In which case, that's a big leap from your reasoning above.

Comment by leggi on If giving unsolicited feedback was a social norm, what feedback would you often give? · 2020-02-20T04:13:38.086Z · score: 2 (2 votes) · LW · GW

My full confidence as being correct/right/true:

  • Chew every mouthful of food until it's liquid (edited to add: a pulp, paste)before swallowing.
  • Stop eating as soon as you have the thought "that's enough" - satiety has been reached.

This I believe:

  • It's better to eat food that's been "grown" rather than "manufactured".
Comment by leggi on Jan Bloch's Impossible War · 2020-02-19T05:02:54.146Z · score: 2 (2 votes) · LW · GW

Could you post your essays here too rather than just linking?

There is the sequence feature that would allow you to put them in order and keep them together.

Comment by leggi on Operationalizing Newcomb's Problem · 2020-02-19T04:54:35.550Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

My mind keeps flicking back to this.

Newcomb's problem - I'm told to imagine a (so far been) perfect predictor so I imagine it. I don't have an issue with the concept of the perfect predictor (possibly because I tend to think of time as more of a 'puddle' even if mine appears linear) so one-boxing is the way to go. I can't get past that in my head, am I missing something?

that there are situations where your choice of thought process can help to determine the world you find yourself in--that making decisions in a dualist framework (one that assumes your thoughts affect the world only through your actions) can sometimes be leaving out important information.

I'll be honest, this sentence confuses me. I don't know what to make of it.

Comment by leggi on How to Lurk Less (and benefit others while benefiting yourself) · 2020-02-19T04:44:11.074Z · score: 3 (2 votes) · LW · GW

Collaborative v. adversarial are not categories I'd use for feedback - but do you not sometimes succeed because of what you've written, or is it the way the recipient receives it?

I aim to be factual and fair. But also honest and direct. Which can come over as harsh sometimes but it comes from a position of wanting to help.

How much time do I spend framing 'less than congratulatory' feedback?

How is the author going to take that feedback whatever I write?

A lot comes down to the author's reaction rather than the feedback given.

I get the impression that there's bloggers that want to write stuff and bask in their glory of great thinking, and then there's other authors that are developing thoughts and ideas. Who wants feedback?

Comment by leggi on How to Lurk Less (and benefit others while benefiting yourself) · 2020-02-17T09:53:52.608Z · score: 6 (4 votes) · LW · GW

Thanks for writing this. This post comes at an apt time as I'm considering commenting more on LW (a club I've crashed but I'm making myself at home).

I read this post and it feels all about positive feedback - phases like "say if you like something, ideas that stand out, worth writing more about ..."

What about comments that aren't so flattering? That might be considered critical, negative, in disagreement?

Pointing out biases and errors, things that should be re-worded and what's just a load of waffle?!

It would be useful to know which authors want honest feedback - I'm not bothered about the negative karma as such, but it's a waste of my time commenting if it's down-voted out of view and/or the author isn't interested in the thoughts of this internet-random.

If ideas are to be developed and thought improved, should they not be open to all feedback?

whether it feels warm and fluffy or whether it's a more like a kick in the guts.

Rational thinking - information gathering, logical thinking, considering all the possibilities, keeping an open mind, letting the ego go ...

Comment by leggi on What are the risks of having your genome publicly available? · 2020-02-13T08:36:05.959Z · score: 5 (4 votes) · LW · GW

Have any less substantial harms been reported?

The PGP doesn't "intentionally associate" a name with a genome. From the terms and conditions of PGP here.

9.1 No Confidentiality After Publication. If you are enrolled in the PGP and choose to publish any of your data to the PGP’s public website and database, that data will not be kept or made available by the PGP in a confidential or anonymous fashion. The PGP will not require any collaborators or other individuals accessing your information to keep the information in a confidential or anonymous fashion. Unless you withdraw from the study before your data are published, your genetic and trait data will be made available via a publicly accessible website and database. 9.2 Association of Your Name With Your Data. The PGP will not intentionally associate your name with your genomic or trait data or other information that is published to the PGP’s public website and database or otherwise intentionally identify you as a participant in the PGP without your prior consent. However, as described above, because of the identifiable nature of the information you provide to the PGP, as well as the nature of the data and analyses generated by the PGP, it is possible that one or more third parties may identify you as a participant in the study. This may result in the association of your published data and other information with your name or other information that you have not provided to the PGP and may not have wished to be publicly disclosed. 9.3 Efforts to Preserve Confidentiality Prior to Publication. Before your publication of specimen analysis data, the PGP will use reasonable efforts to preserve the privacy and confidentiality of such data, as well as other information you provide to the PGP in a private Protocol #: 15461 Harvard University Faculty of Medicine IRB PGP Consent Form Page 20 of 24 Revision 2015.05.05 manner (your name, answers to safety questionnaires and communication with project staff). You should be aware that the public disclosure of this information may still happen due to unintended data breaches, including hacking or other activities outside of the procedures described in this consent form. For this reason the PGP cannot guarantee that information you provide to the study, or that is generated about you by the study, will be maintained in a confidential manner.

Risks come with your genome being identifiable as you.

Comment by leggi on What are the risks of having your genome publicly available? · 2020-02-12T06:41:19.414Z · score: 5 (4 votes) · LW · GW

Publicly available and identifiable as you?

If you have genetic markers for various diseases present in your genome potential employers, insurance companies etc. could use this information - most likely for their benefit rather than for the benefit of the individual so I'd class this as a big potential risk that should be considered.

Some other risks/benefits based on perspective:

Your genome matches with something on a criminal database for a crime you've committed in the past and you get caught.

Your genome leads to a partial match on a criminal database for crime committed by a blood relative. They get caught

You happen to be a good genetic match for someone who needs body parts and isn't adverse to using yours without asking permission.

Comment by leggi on Why do we refuse to take action claiming our impact would be too small? · 2020-02-11T07:50:02.392Z · score: 1 (3 votes) · LW · GW
Does this phenomenon have a name?

Laziness, apathy, indifference, lack of self-responsibility, weakness, stupidity, selfishness, herd mentality?

Ultimately the only person's behaviour you can change is your own. Either you chose to do better things or you don't. Lead by example if you care, otherwise you don't care enough to change.

Comment by leggi on The BODY alignment game. Take a break, have a quick play. · 2020-02-08T08:35:15.965Z · score: 2 (2 votes) · LW · GW

I had a quick read of the article, it's not wrong (although I strongly argue that the strength for the abdomen comes from the rectus abdominis muscles rather than the lower back/lumbar muscles) - but I'm more right! The 5 main muscles of movement, the key to doing everything else, stretching, releasing re-balancing.

The expression "bony knobs" made up for any potential rudeness btw.

I am both a) desperate for the attention and b) mentally thinking 'bring it on bitches' so please do!

Something so obvious to me know but totally grounded in some basic anatomy if anyone cares to try to connect body and mind!

Comment by leggi on The BODY alignment game. Take a break, have a quick play. · 2020-02-08T05:05:24.222Z · score: 2 (2 votes) · LW · GW

5 markers better than 4. There's a lot of potential movement in the upper body so it is possible to align the pubic symphysis, navel and xiphoid process (aligning the linea alba between the rectus abdominis muscles) with the external occipital protuberance without the jugular notch aligning.

I'm try to get people to think about their body's relative positioning and state of physical alignment. These 5 midline anatomical markers (4 bony knobs and a squishy bit!) are easily palpated - a simple introduction to begin mentally mapping the body's relative positioning - to sow the seeds of thought as it were. More on our midline anatomy and using the median plane for body alignment here .

More on mental mapping here: conscious proprioception - our sense of position, movement and balance and the body map in the mind.

I don't know what the military teaches about good posture (I image a lot of shouting about standing up straight) and a internet search hasn't left me any further forward but if you've any links to lessons from the military I would be interested to see. My thoughts on posture are here, but summarised as: It's muscles that create our posture. We should focus on the 5 'main muscles of movement' for better posture. 5 main muscles made easy.

As for relaxation, using my body better, releasing physical tensions and regaining my natural range of movement has left me more relaxed than I ever remember!

My intro. post to LW said I've got something to share and 'please rip to shreds' - I meant it - so thank you for reading and questioning! Did you think about your midline markers?

Comment by leggi on Eukryt Wrts Blg · 2020-02-05T05:49:02.687Z · score: 2 (2 votes) · LW · GW

Interesting to see the differences in thoughts about purpose of LW and what users want.

Is there a need for the differentiation between posts that are looking for a wide audience and those that want to remain contained to a small group?

Comment by leggi on Eukryt Wrts Blg · 2020-02-05T05:44:47.020Z · score: 6 (2 votes) · LW · GW

Thanks for writing this.

"people who are not immersed in LessWrong culture or jargon."

This is me. A creature from another time and space. I read about a website about rationality and got excited about potentially finding a group of people who think rationally.

There's a lot of interesting stuff here on LW but could be more accessible. More formatting for ease of scanning allows readers to start picking up the important points.

There's a lot of unnecessary words used - I wonder how much editing (pruning?) is done. The habit of giving something a few days to settle then re-reading it before publishing?

New perspectives would be useful for a lot of questions/discussions that I see here.

Comment by leggi on What Money Cannot Buy · 2020-02-05T04:06:03.805Z · score: 3 (2 votes) · LW · GW
some basic reading on a few different viewpoints and think things through for yourself
try it yourself. Spend time in the field, practicing the relevant skills first-hand; see both what works and what makes sense. Collect data; run trials. See what other people suggest and test those things yourself. Directly study which things actually produce good results.

Excellent advice. A bit of research, some thought, get some experience, assess results.

A little surprised that it's not standard practice, so it's good you've written this post.

Indeed, top medical “experts” of the time would likely have warned him away from Jesty.

Speculation? I am being picky though, it's a well written post but I can imagine other scenarios.

there is knowledge for which money cannot substitute

I've just made this post to help share some important knowledge. Try it for yourself.

Comment by leggi on On hiding the source of knowledge · 2020-02-02T05:23:46.005Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

The title of the post would be more accurate as 'on hiding the source of ideas'.

Some phases used in the past to let info. consumers know that it wasn't all just working in the library/hard thinking/research that inspired include:

  • "altered state of consciousness"
  • "I had an insight"
  • "It came to me when (insert acceptable close description - 'I was in the desert' is better than 'off my face at event X').

The details aren't really important if you leave some crumbs. Other people will find there own way to their own discoveries/ideas though various means.

If your ideas stand up to scrutiny - to become accepted knowledge - then what triggered them doesn't matter to the idea. But it would be good if there wasn't a need to hide some of ourselves so much - an interesting post.

Comment by leggi on On hiding the source of knowledge · 2020-02-02T05:11:58.054Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

Talking about "intuition" I distinguish between:

  • Something that 'just comes to you' - what I would call an 'intuition'. Which seems to fit with the original post's usage and the example of the "the structure of benzene came in a dream".
  • Something done 'automatically/without thinking' but has been learned i.e. the example of a chemist being able to recognise and represent benzene is not an intuition. It is knowledge that originated from an intuition.

The issue comes with the usage of "intuitively" in the comments with the examples given. The difference between something learned and something spontaneous/organic that occurs.

e.g. The person that can pick up an instrument and play it without prior training is using intuition, an instinctive feel for how to make it work versus the person that's practised for years, conscious of their actions until they are so well trained they can play automatically.

Comment by leggi on Open & Welcome Thread - January 2020 · 2020-01-29T04:08:09.483Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

Thank you. I missed that feature. (I've been using ![image text] to get bigger pics.)

I can't figure out the 4 'image position' options though. Is there a trick to getting text to the side?

Comment by leggi on On hiding the source of knowledge · 2020-01-29T04:02:12.907Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW


  1. the ability to understand something instinctively, without the need for conscious reasoning.

they have a mental representation of the structure as a picture, prototype, graph, etc, which is hooked up to other parts of the mind and is available for quick use in mental procedures".

i.e. They have the knowledge stored and accessible. The conscious reasoning has already occurred for understanding. Recalling it without (much) effort isn't intuition, even if it happens as a response to prior training/on a most subconscious level/instinctively.

To me, "intuition" is something that comes from somewhere - a gut feeling, an inspiration, that kind of thing. Intuitively sensing/feeling/knowing what to do in a situation. Quite an experience when "auto-pilot" takes over...

Comment by leggi on Open & Welcome Thread - January 2020 · 2020-01-27T03:59:18.505Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

A request, if it's possible:

Being able to set a "max-height: px" for images in posts would be great.

Comment by leggi on On hiding the source of knowledge · 2020-01-27T03:52:14.896Z · score: 2 (2 votes) · LW · GW

I agree with the above comment.

"knowledge" and "ideas" are not the same.

The title of the post would be more appropriate as: "on hiding the source of ideas".

Comment by leggi on Voting Phase of 2018 LW Review · 2020-01-10T16:58:25.182Z · score: 3 (2 votes) · LW · GW

I've found the review process a good insight into what goes on on LW. From the posts nominated and the comments and feedback they have generated I have more of an understanding of general topics but I have a lot of questions about definitions...

A couple of thoughts:

improving the LessWrong community's longterm feedback and reward cycle.

Feedback risks punishment.

"Reward cycle" is an interesting phrase - More karma sharing between the collective? Or rewarding interactions and the development of ideas/processes/beliefs/understanding through debate and learning?

What is the aim/dream for the book? On a scale of globally-acclaimed to something solid for the collective to hold.

A nomination/review cycle for 2017 (and back) would be worth doing if creating a physical book for wider release.

Comment by leggi on George's Shortform · 2020-01-09T09:20:51.250Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

If there's different definitions of AGI then that's quite a barrier to understanding generally. Never mind my confusions as a curious newbie.

This feels a really good time to jump in and ask for a working definition of AGI. (simple words, no links to essays please.)

Comment by leggi on Illness anxiety disorder: how to become more rational? · 2020-01-04T19:29:33.315Z · score: 2 (2 votes) · LW · GW

Movable suggests something located in subcutaneous tissue rather than muscle tissue. Soft, smooth, solitary all 'nice' characteristics for lumps.

You say you've had a heart exam, so assuming cardio. is OK. The lumps are most likely benign - do some research on fibrous lumps/ fibrosis.

And research the diagnostic capabilities of ultrasound before paying for an expensive one.

(House was a comedy about incompetent doctors IMO)

A full history and clinical exam should always be done before expensive tests. - Do it yourself if you want. Start a list of pains and niggles, past illness, injuries, falls, surgery, trauma etc... Feel all over your body for lumps and thickenings, tender spots etc - in all sorts of positions. Positioning can affect the ability to feel some things.

It's a long while since I used ultrasound (and it was an old machine for even back then), but bone reflects ultrasound so over the ribs imaging is commonly distorted as the waves are bounced back. (unless this ultrasound is capable of scanning to a depth of less than skin to ribs).

- - --

A possible explanation:

Chest pain can come from muscle pain. intercostal muscles, rectus abdominis muscles especially. Can be sharp and stabbing. Can be tight or shooting.

The lumps are fibrous, benign thickenings in subcutaneous connective tissue over your pecs. Possibly developed 'to take the strain' when the trapezius muscles aren't sufficiently supportive.

Promotion of my hypothesis/the best advice I can give:

Have a look at this anatomy: main muscles and think about how you use your body, how balanced and aligned are you? Do you have a full range of movement or do you have tensions and restrictions? (I've written a lot more but a few pictures and a bit of self-touching will get you started.)

Give it a bit of thought over some days, feel how you move.

- --

If nothing else, you should be able to find the lumps more easily again if you do decide to get further examinations.

Comment by leggi on Illness anxiety disorder: how to become more rational? · 2020-01-04T14:56:46.874Z · score: 2 (2 votes) · LW · GW

I am not a doctor and this is not medical advice! To you I am just some random ...

I was a veterinary surgeon so do have some mammalian clinical experience and I do have a lot of lumps over my pecs. I think I can explain them, they are benign. But your lumps are yours - so you first.  

You say duration approx. 18months anxiety. Is that when you first noticed the "lumps"?

When I touch my pectoral muscles, I can feel lumps

Describe the lumps.

Take a deep breath in through your nostrils a few times to relax a little. You'll be fine.

Then really feel the lumps  Number size type distribution  






Let's start there.

Comment by leggi on On the Loss and Preservation of Knowledge · 2020-01-04T05:49:48.205Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

I'm struggling with clarity in my head using the current labelling:

Living traditions - makes sense.

Dead traditions - Dead naturally brings me to 'dead and gone' - where as they are still being transmitted but have lost their meaning. I think corrupted, lost in translation ....

Lost traditions - works better for me when I've re-labelled dead traditions as corrupted (or another better word that hasn't jumped to me yet).

Comment by leggi on Phage therapy in a post-antibiotics world · 2020-01-03T15:47:13.662Z · score: 2 (2 votes) · LW · GW

I only know about colloidal silver as a topical treatment (a cream for wounds that I think I only ever prescribed twice). Are you talking about other usage methods? My fantasy flesh-eating multi-resistant infection is easily accessible - silver was a back-up thought after rushing to the kitchen for salt and garlic.

A bit of background info. about bacteriophages would be useful in your post. For general interest and understanding. The following is from the bottom of the case study here:

Derived from the Greek words meaning “bacteria eater,” bacteriophages are ancient and abundant — found on land, in water, within any form of life harboring their target. According to Rowher at San Diego State University and colleagues in their book Life in Our Phage World, phages cause a trillion trillion successful infections per second and destroy up to 40 percent of all bacterial cells in the ocean every day.
Thousands of varieties of phage exist, each evolved to infect only one type or a few types of bacteria. Like other viruses, they cannot replicate by themselves, but must commandeer the reproductive machinery of bacteria. To do so, they attach to a bacterium and insert their genetic material. Lytic phages then destroy the cell, splitting it open to release new viral particles to continue the process. As such, phages could be considered the only “drug”’ capable of multiplying; when their job is done, they are excreted by the body.

The potential for targeting individual bacterium in patients - fantastic.

The potential for patents on individual bacterium - frightening.

The thought that there's all these 'specific bacterial destroyers' out there - weird and wonderful.

I really feel the need to hope in writing that phage therapy is something that's developed in the spirit of co-operation and sharing. To treat patients with infections, not for generating profits at the expense of people who need help.

For better health outcomes we shouldn't forget the basics: "Bugs" are ubiquitous. Strong immune systems to fight the baddies are more likely with healthy lifestyles in natural environments - unpolluted and full of all the other organisms we evolved encased in. If we're all about the good bugs, the bad bugs can't get established so easily.

Comment by leggi on Since figuring out human values is hard, what about, say, monkey values? · 2020-01-03T12:24:09.334Z · score: 4 (3 votes) · LW · GW

My background: I've spent a lot more time with animals than rational humans.

To point me in the right direction before trying to write more - I would like a definition for "values" to work with.

An instant find via images - human values. Anywhere near?!

Comment by leggi on Clarifying "AI Alignment" · 2020-01-02T16:20:04.929Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

I'm not tech. savvy and am well aware that maybe it's a lack of understanding that lets me live without fear of AI but it seems an important issue round here and I would like to have some understanding. And a little understanding of my perspective - I grew up in shadow of the Cold War i.e. mutually assured destruction in 6 minutes or less (it might have been 12 minutes - I can't quite remember anymore).

This post caught my eye on the review list.

I need to clarify something before reading forward.

getting your AI to try to do the right thing,

Is: 'getting your AI to try to do the WANTED thing' be the accurate wording?

The usage of "right" adds a dimension of morality in my mind that doesn't come with "want".

Comment by leggi on 100 Ways To Live Better · 2020-01-02T08:52:19.669Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

Well worth reading - some good advice, some funny bits! Will keep my smiling for a while. Thanks.

Comment by leggi on Phage therapy in a post-antibiotics world · 2020-01-02T08:38:12.240Z · score: 4 (3 votes) · LW · GW

2 cases that I'm aware of successfully treated with phage therapy: here and here. It's a promising field.

Some historical info. (and a bit of an insight into medical discoveries/research's ups and downs.)

- - --

The overuse of antibiotics is shocking on a world-wide scale. From "growth promoters" and "disease prevention" in farm animals to the "just in case/covering my ass/the patient won't fk-off without them" dispensing/being able to buy over-the-counter without a prescription.

I've seen infections spread and sepsis overwhelm animal patients within hours where the infection too fast for antibiotics to counter (euthanasia is only realistic clinical option).

I've often wondered what I'd do if infected with an antibiotic-resistant bacterial infection. My imaginary scenario starts local and external - where I'd use topical sodium chloride, freshly crushed garlic, colloidal silver (alternating or mixed I don't know). With the phase "don't fk about with debridement, just amputate" ready for anything that's spreading. Whilst eating more fresh garlic and drinking high doses of tincture of Echinacea (potential to boost immune system and if not the alcohol component might be quite welcome during my final hours - partly said in jest also deadly serious.)

Anyway, an interesting post to share.

Comment by leggi on Anti-social Punishment · 2019-12-29T14:55:14.820Z · score: 3 (2 votes) · LW · GW

I enjoyed this post. It brings a more world-wide view to LW (sorely missed in some things I've read here) and makes the important point that we don't all think the same. Experiences can be very different and so are our reactions and reasonings, coming with there own logic. We should not ignore the human element of how the world works.

I would suggest a bit of an edit to move the description of the game with punishment to after the non-punishment results just for ease of reading and absorption.

-- -

I also enjoyed reading the supporting material here which provided more insights into the process and participant selection. A study that stimulated a lot of thinking in me!(Would the results have been different if the groups had been grannies/hippies/etc.?)

The supporting materials contains some interesting diagrams. ( S3 and S4 )

My main comment would be that 10 rounds isn't enough to draw conclusions from. With 4 players each 'experimenting' and reacting to the previous rounds it would take a lot more for things to settle and maybe reach some sort of equilibrium.

For example the what I'm calling the "F-U-2" response (see S4) led to a drop in cooperation in many locations, but would that have worn off with more rounds and people realising co-operation was in their favour after all?

[A comment for the authors of the study - seeing the individual group results would have been interesting - the distribution of free-riders per group etc.]

Comment by leggi on How was your decade? · 2019-12-29T10:53:15.870Z · score: 3 (2 votes) · LW · GW

How was my decade?

First 6 years - painful and miserable spent in a state of hopelessness and self-loathing. A deep depression with suicide was a constantly considered option. I wanted it all to stop.

I gave up my career as a veterinary surgeon, which was all I'd ever wanted to be since I was 6 but I hated it more and more through the years. The wins were just me doing my job so I got no joy/satisfaction/anything positive in those. The losses always hit hard, the fear and doubt - could I have done more/did I miss something/what if I'd done something different? The losses always outnumbered the wins in the end.

Now, that I've learned to use my body correctly - to use the right muscles, to physically balance my body and work towards dynamic alignment and a full range of natural movement - it's a whole new world for me.

So past advice to myself - Learn to use your body better - starting with your Base-Line muscles (pelvic floor Base, rectus abdominis Line) the key to connecting body and mind. Would I have listened? I hope so because the anatomy is solid and should be able to stand up to scrutiny if I can get anyone else to consider it.

Well that was quite cathartic!

Comment by leggi on Operationalizing Newcomb's Problem · 2019-12-16T07:57:32.116Z · score: 2 (2 votes) · LW · GW

The human element gets in the way when using a polygraph as an example. It introduces more variables than desired. People lie - detected or undetected, people change their mind (genuinely meant one thing then do another so the polygraph is 'right' at the time)

Telling me "I say yes" for the experiment doesn't take into account my intentions (whether I mean it or not) which is (simplistically) what the polygraph would be detecting. I'm struggling to get past that.

Newcomb's problem doesn't sit well with me (I'm new to it so maybe missing some point somewhere!) so I'm very interested in attempts to work with it.

100% historical accuracy of the predictor is hard to compete with. ?The predictor can 'see the future'.

Why risk $1,000,000 for $1,001,000 on the chance that you're the special one that can beat the system?

Comment by leggi on ialdabaoth is banned · 2019-12-14T05:59:00.954Z · score: 0 (3 votes) · LW · GW

Honestly, as someone reading this with no personal knowledge of the situation and so any evidence is 'internet hearsay' I say:

The post by the author in question isn't worth this interest or drama. (Debating principles is good but this is clearly too personal for some.)

It coins a catchy phrase but the concepts of different people having to conform to different standards is not new. (the "bad man" has sent a representation of the human visual spectrum to a physics journal and called it a rainbow.)

"one rule for one and one for another" and many other adages through the ages sums up the idea.

Comment by leggi on Posture - Muscles, Assessment & The Body's Base-Line for Alignment. · 2019-12-14T05:00:49.145Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

I'm wary of 'leading questions' but - as you were working your shoulders - how did you feel the improved positioning?

Comment by leggi on Conscious Proprioception -Awareness of the Body's Position, Motion, Alignment & Balance. · 2019-12-14T04:09:50.006Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

Thank you for reading and trying.

I suspect focusing on your Base-Line muscles 'corrected' your positioning (~ reduced stress on body) and made you breathe in a bit deeper - thus receiving a hit of oxygen that increased your alertness.

I'm really happy though - anecdotal evidence is what I need at this point. Everything stems from being willing to work on your Base-Line. It's well worth the ride. I have created "main muscles made easy" in an attempt to make the key anatomy more accessible.

conscious bodily perception

I have no idea why the word "perception" has not occurred to me before, but that's it. Increased perception of the state of your body (that comes with the brain and body having a shared Base-Line reference).

Comment by leggi on Operationalizing Newcomb's Problem · 2019-12-13T12:22:15.898Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

OK, I'd summarise how I see things:

Will I sit in the waiting room for 10 min after the experiment?
My options:
I reply yes, and polygraph believes yes, I will get $200.
I say no or I say yes but the polygraph detects a physiological response indicating 'dishonestly', I will get $10.

I would stay.

I'm good at my word - I'd pass the polygraph by being confident of that. (if the polygraph reads me 'right')

And after all what's 10 min? Great time to enjoy the rush of thinking I could 'beat the system/get one over on someone' because I believe there is 200 in my envelope and so I could just leave (a kick of adrenaline) but that would spoil the long-term reward of moral self-righteousness!

Although am I missing some significance in: "90% of the people who stay for ten minutes get $200" - what do the other 10% get I wonder?

Comment by leggi on Applications of Economic Models to Physiology? · 2019-12-12T09:35:00.239Z · score: -1 (2 votes) · LW · GW

I have read the insulin analogy (I read it before first commenting here).

I don't know if the insulin analogy is from the book itself or your interpretation. But it is flawed. For multiple reasons. I started to pick it apart line by line but then decided a better course of action would be to try pointing you in the right direction - so that you could do the research about the physiological system, learn about what you are trying to label and then consider whether it is a good path to be following.

Does it really make sense to apply economic labels to physiological systems?

That's the sort of value I expect economic theory would provide in physiology.

Expect? Careful that you are not rationalising your beliefs.

Comment by leggi on Give praise · 2019-12-12T09:19:02.055Z · score: 3 (2 votes) · LW · GW

As a relative newcomer this critique is refreshing.

I have observed a fair amount of ego and ego-stroking within a system that allows punishment of dissenters. (the core group has a lot of power to chase off things they don't like to hear and are therefore missing out on expanded thinking.)

Encouragement should not be confused with praise. And correction is not punishment.

negative feedback at the time hurt my feelings, I'm glad that people didn't lie to me and tell me that the projects were a good idea.

A good take-away message from the above review.

Comment by leggi on Conscious Proprioception -Awareness of the Body's Position, Motion, Alignment & Balance. · 2019-12-12T06:54:15.088Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

I've been thinking more about my feet since your post. I too sense my calves more than my feet, the muscles are tense, overworked ...

And I had an interesting experience as I was walking down a rough (but familiar) track...

I've got to the point of often thinking of my body as 3 lines - my central line (linea alba) and a line from hip to shin (rectus femoris) of each leg. As was doing this I suddenly thought 'where are my feet?'. The shift in focus made me feel like I stumbled (I don't think I actually did) and brought on a flash of motion sickness (which I've always been prone to and crushed my dreams of being an astronaut when I was about 5).

It was like thinking about my feet rather than working from my Base-Line knocked me off balance. A weird sensation.

Comment by leggi on Applications of Economic Models to Physiology? · 2019-12-11T16:20:18.957Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

Model was poor wording on my part at the end, I've changed it to physiological systems. They are not constructs of humans. We create "models" , or 'stories' to explain things.

Physiology is a process of nature - complicated and only partially understood. Economics is artificial.

Patterns are seen in many things. Fractals is a word I'm just going to chuck in to think about. And the Fibonacci sequence. And the world is freaky.

Applying physiological models (they've got pretty good at maintaining equilibrium within a range, and system stability) to economics would potentially be a more productive - if the 'facts' that are known are known and considered.

Comment by leggi on Applications of Economic Models to Physiology? · 2019-12-11T12:39:17.975Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW

Trying to explain biology with economic terms is an interesting proposal (creating a story that you can understand?) but it would not be the obvious thought to me.

economic models = made up by humans

physiology = millennia of chance and adaptions under various pressures, creating immensely complex systems that just blow my mind.

The insulin analogy is flawed in many aspects.

There is a basic feedback loop of increased blood Glucose --> increased insulin --> lower Glucose --> reduced insulin to keep blood glucose levels within acceptable limits - fluctuation is expected within the system.

I would suggest researching the connections between hunger/intake/digestion/absorption/blood glucose/beta cells/insulin/cell uptake/cell demand/exertion/glucagon/renal excretion of glucose/polyuria/polydipsia
- it's complex.

Biological models systems have much to teach us. If we ask the questions and notice the connections rather than trying to make them fit with our explanation.

Comment by leggi on Expertise Exchange · 2019-12-10T10:57:55.936Z · score: 1 (1 votes) · LW · GW
Most of the communication within a field like Rolfing is through in-person events and not through the written word.

I ask why is that? What benefit? For whom?

I dislike the term "fascia", I feel it is poorly defined but fashionable. If you have a solid definition I could work with because I do think it's a useful concept. I use 'connective tissue' a covering term for what is a blend of fibrous tissues in various forms. I've handled a lot of mammalian tissues over the years, it's interesting stuff - in many forms, blending through the body. I've never thought it of central, rather almost ubiquitous.

I came across anatomy trains whilst researching my hypothesis a few years back, you've spurred me into sending an email to anatomy trains. On honest reflection of why I've not done this before - trust issues (I don't want someone stealing my ideas) and because it's so frikking obvious with a bit of thought and Myers seemed closer than most. I think I've published enough to be able to say 'it's mine' now. Oh the ego.

The anatomy trains pictures are a useful illustration of 'patterns' that I will expand on in further posts. The "trains" should be free to fully extend, this can't happen when physical restrictions are present, unbalancing the body.. Imbalance leads to further imbalance - the stress and tension zig-zagging across the body, twisting and mis-aligning, up and down and across the "trains" as the body stiffens to keep us functioning when we don't have full usage of the main muscles.

We can't control our connective tissue directly, we can learn to control our muscles. To use them well and regain a full range of natural of movement.